Loading and unloading a truck requires using the best practices used in the freight forwarding and trucking industry. 80% of transport-related accidents occur because of unprofessional loading practices. Not having the proper training, and any small carelessness can lead to injuries. Truck loading and unloading in the freight industry requires an approach. Therefore, safety should be a top priority when loading or unloading goods from your trucks.
Several hazardous situations can cause severe damage to your employees, trucks, and goods. Improper loading and unloading practices are one of the common causes of workplace injuries. Therefore, if you are related to truck loading and unloading, you must follow the practices below.
Before we talk about the best truck loading and unloading practices, you must know about the common types of injuries in the goods transport industry.
Some of the common injuries that transport workers face are;
- Sprains and muscle pulling due to lifting goods improperly
- Spinal cord injuries due to lifting in an inappropriate way
- Head trauma from falling cargo
- Crushing accidents
- Falling and slipping
- Cuts and bruises
Emergency kits must be available immediately to handle any unexpected situation. Having an emergency kit can provide a temporary solution to calm the injured worker.
Let’s read about the standard loading and unloading hazards.
Common Truck Loading And Unloading Hazards
- Falling cargo
- Trucks movements
- Truck leaving before the goods are entirely un-loaded
- Improper handling of goods
- Poor visibility
- Wet areas
- Uneven surfaces
- Inappropriate posture
Safe Truck Loading And Unloading Practices
Brake The Trucks
Workers should ensure that their trucks are stopped correctly. This will ensure that the truck can be loaded and unloaded safely. Trucks must be kept in low gear so they don’t move forward during the process. Loading things on an unstable truck can lead to fatal injuries.
Give Proper Training To Your Employees
Make sure that you hire the right people with knowledge about their job. You must provide your employees with the proper training required for the safe loading and unloading of goods.
You should always lift the weight with your legs and keep it close to your body. Moreover, never lift any weight that weighs more than 50 pounds of your weight. Ask your employees to use proper tools and equipment to lift heavier objects. Train them about other safety protocols to properly manage your warehouse system.
Have A Well-Lit Area
An adequately lit area is crucial for a place where loading and unloading is a routine activity. If your workers can’t see, they will have to strain their eyes. This will affect their performance; thus, accidents will be more likely.
Secure The Load Properly
Ensuring that your loads are secured properly can significantly affect your dockworkers and drivers. Make sure that you secure your loads properly with the right tools. There are some tools you can use to properly secure your load,such as:
- Load bars
- Plastic covers
Keep Your Loading Area Free From Traffic
Any unauthorized thing or person should not be present in the area at the time of loading. Try to keep traffic around the area as low as possible. Keeping your area clear of unnecessary traffic helps prevent distractions and confusion among employees that would have otherwise led to a disaster. People often get injured because of distractions or lack of focus.
Some Other Important Tips
- Have weather-proof dock seals and canopies
- Decide the place where items will be placed
- Look around you before placing items somewhere
- Have safety measures in place such as taking the driver’s key and giving it back after the process is finished
- Create a regular maintenance routine
- Keep the area firm, straight, and clutter-free
- Use a compartment to keep small items secured in transfer
- Maintain correct posture when lifting things
- Have bumpers and mirrors in the area to help trucks move easily
- Wear soft gloves so that your hands don’t get hurt by the weight
Safe transportation of goods requires availing services from a reliable transport service. DSONS Transport provides the finest trucking services across Canada and the USA. We are here to give you a secure truck loading experience with timely delivery. Contact us today and get a wide range of impressive services.